Official mascot of the fire stations and star of the movie 101 Dalmatians, the Dalmatian is one of the most famous dog breeds in the world. He is a loyal, intelligent and above all very energetic dog. This adorable spotted companion requires a lot of attention from its owners and several hours of exercise a day to burn off. When it comes to a dalmatian then surely you can have the best time there.
The diet of the Dalmatian must be adapted to his predisposition to urinary problems. Watch out for proteins. Too much protein can increase the level of uric acid in Dalmatians and thus promote the formation of urinary stones and the appearance of dermatitis.
For the adult Dalmatian, it is necessary to seek a rate of proteins lower or equal to 20%, the rate of proteins of classic foods is in general of 25%. You should prefer foods low in purines, such as poultry and vegetables, or very good quality croquettes. In order for it to develop properly, the Dalmatian puppy must be fed ad libitum to 6 months, or three or four meals a day.
Behavior and Character Traits of the Dalmatian
The Dalmatian is dignified, yet playful and lively. Affectionate, he is loyal to his family and loves children, but his boundless energy is unsuitable for toddlers. The Dalmatian is in great need of human companionship and cannot stand loneliness. If he is too often confined or left alone, he will become hyperactive and engage in destructive behavior.
Some Dalmatians enthusiastically greet strangers while others are politely reserved with them. He gets along well with other family animals, but is particularly fond of horses thanks to his origins as a horse-drawn carriage companion.
The Dalmatian is stubborn and independent when it comes to training. He is so intelligent that his education can be compromised; he can try to manipulate his master by acting in order not to obey. He will be docile only with a patient and confident master, who will treat him with respect. It is important that his master establishes a relationship of trust with him from a very young age. The Dalmatian is therefore not recommended for novice masters. Athletic and endowed with great endurance, the Dalmatian needs a lot of exercise. He will love to practice a stimulating activity with his master: agility or obedience classes, canicross, bike rides, etc. You can See more here about these dogs.
Grooming the Dalmatian
The Dalmatian loses its hair constantly and presents a strong seasonal moult. The more it is brushed, the less hair there will be in the house. Brushing every other day is recommended. The coat can be massaged with a rubber glove to make the dead hair fall out and excite the sebaceous glands, which will make the coat shiny. If your Dalmatian comes home from a wet walk, you should wipe him up with a towel. Otherwise, he can develop rheumatism. Two baths per year are sufficient. A very mild shampoo should be used and especially do not use cold water. The Dalmatian’s ears should be cleaned regularly, because they are one of his weak points.
Common Health Problems in Dalmatians
The Dalmatian is particularly prone to deafness. On average, 15% of Dalmatian puppies are born unilateral deaf or bilateral deaf. The other most common health problems in Dalmatians are:
- Urinary stones
- Skin problems
- Hip dysplasia
- Elbow dysplasia
Ask that the breeder provides you with the result of the PEA test (Evoked auditory potential) of your puppy as well as that of the parents.